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23 invasive species found

Alien Species

1. Chromolaena odorata (herb) English  français     
Chromolaena odorata is a fast-growing perennial shrub, native to South America and Central America. It has been introduced into the tropical regions of Asia, Africa and the Pacific, where it is an invasive weed. Also known as Siam weed, it forms dense stands that prevent the establishment of other plant species. It is an aggressive competitor and may have allelopathic effects. It is also a nuisance weed in agricultural land and commercial plantations.
Common Names: agonoi, bitter bush, chromolaena, hagonoy, herbe du Laos, huluhagonoi, jack in the bush, kesengesil, mahsrihsrihk, masigsig, ngesngesil, otuot, rumput belalang, rumput golkar, rumput putih, Siam weed, Siam-Kraut, triffid weed, wisolmatenrehwei
Synonyms: Eupatorium affine Hook & Arn., Eupatorium brachiatum Wikstrom, Eupatorium clematitis DC., Eupatorium conyzoidesM. Vahl, Eupatorium divergens Less., Eupatorium floribundum Kunth, Eupatorium graciliflorum DC., Eupatorium odoratum L., Eupatorium sabeanum Buckley, Eupatorium stigmatosum Meyen & Walp., Osmia conyzoides (Vahl) Sch.-Bip., Osmia divergens (Less.) Schultz-Bip., Osmia floribunda (Kunth) Schultz-Bip., Osmia graciliflora (DC.) Sch.-Bip., Osmia odorata (L.) Schultz-Bip.
2. Cyprinus carpio (fish) English  français     
The introduction of fish as a source of protein for human consumption into tropical and subtropical lake systems is continuing apace. The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) has been cultured for 2500 years and is also a popular angling and ornamental fish; is the third most frequently introduced species in the world. Its method of feeding churns up the sediments on the bottom of the water and uproots macrophytes, making it an keystone ecosystem engineer that altering habitats for native fish and other native aquatic species.
Common Names: Cá Chép, carp, carpa, carpat, carpe, carpe, carpe commune, carpeau, carpo, cerpyn, ciortan, ciortanica, ciortocrap, ciuciulean, common carp, crapcean, cyprinos, escarpo, Europäischer Karpfen, European carp, fancy carp, feral carp, German carp, grass carp, grivadi, ikan mas, Japanese domesticated carp, kapoor-e-maamoli, kapor, kapr obecný, karp, karp, karp, karp, karp, karp dziki a. sazan, karpa, karpar, karpe, Karpe, karpen, karper, karpfen, karpion, karppi, kerpaille, king carp, koi, koi carp, korop, krapi, kyprinos, læderkarpe, lauk mas, leather carp, leekoh, lei ue, mas massan, mirror carp, olocari, Oriental carp, pa nai, pba ni, pla nai, ponty, punjabe gad, rata pethiya, saran, Saran, sarmão, sazan, sazan baligi, scale carp, sharan, skælkarpe, soneri masha, spejlkarpe, sulari, suloi, tikure, trey carp samahn, trey kap, ulucari, weißfische, wild carp, wildkarpfen
Synonyms: Carpio carpio gibbosus (Kessler, 1856), Carpio flavipinna Valenciennes, 1842, Carpio vulgaris Rapp, 1854, Cyprinus acuminatus Heckel & Kner, 1858, Cyprinus acuminatus Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus angulatus Heckel, 1843, Cyprinus atrovirens Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus bithynicus Richardson, 1857, Cyprinus carpio anatolicus Hanko, 1924, Cyprinus carpio aralensis Spiczakow, 1935, Cyprinus carpio brevicirri Misik, 1958, Cyprinus carpio elongatus Walecki, 1863, Cyprinus carpio fluviatilis Pravdin, 1945, Cyprinus carpio longicirri Misik, 1958, Cyprinus carpio monstrosus Walecki, 1863, Cyprinus carpio oblongus Antipa, 1909, Cyprinus chinensis Basilewsky, 1855, Cyprinus conirostris Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus festetitsii Bonaparte, 1845, Cyprinus flamm Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus fossicola Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus haematopterus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus melanotus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846, Cyprinus nordmannii Valenciennes, 1842, Cyprinus sculponeatus Richardson, 1846, Cyprinus thermalis Heckel, 1843, Cyprinus tossicole Elera, 1895, Cyprinus vittatus Valenciennes, 1842
3. Gambusia affinis (fish) English  français     
Gambusia affinis is a small fish native to the fresh waters of the eastern and southern United States. It has become a pest in many waterways around the world following initial introductions early last century as a biological control agent for mosquitoes. In general, it is considered to be no more effective than native predators of mosquitoes. The highly predatory mosquito fish eats the eggs of economically desirable fish and preys on and endangers rare indigenous fish and invertebrate species. Mosquito fish are difficult to eliminate once established, so the best way to reduce their effects is to control their further spread. One of the main avenues of spread is continued, intentional release by mosquito-control agencies. G. affinis is closely related to he eastern mosquito fish (G. holbrooki), which was formerly classed as a sub-species. Their appearance, behaviour and impacts are almost identical, and they can therefore be treated the same when it comes to management techniques. Records of G. affinis in Australia actually refer to G. holbrooki.
Common Names: Barkaleci, Dai to ue, Gambusia, Gambusie, Gambusino, Gambuzia, Gambuzia pospolita, Gambuzija, guayacon mosquito, Isdang canal, Kadayashi, Koboldkärpfling, Kounoupopsaro, live-bearing tooth-carp, Mosquito fish, Obyknovennaya gambuziya, pez mosquito, San hang ue, Silberkärpfling, tes, Texaskärpfling, Topminnow, western mosquitofish, Western mosquitofish
Synonyms: Fundulus inurus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882), Gambusia affinis affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853), Gambusia affinis (Baird & Girard, 1853), Gambusia gracilis Girard, 1859, Gambusia humilis Günther, 1866, Gambusia patruelis (Baird & Girard, 1853), Haplochilus melanops Cope, 1870, Heterandria affinis Baird & Girard, 1853, Heterandria patruelis Baird & Girard, 1853, Zygonectes brachypterus Cope, 1880, Zygonectes gracilis (Girard, 1859), Zygonectes inurus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882, Zygonectes patruelis (Baird & Girard, 1853)
4. Leucaena leucocephala (tree) English  français     
The fast-growing, nitrogen-fixing tree/shrub Leucaena leucocephala, is cultivated as a fodder plant, for green manure, as a windbreak, for reforestation, as a biofuel crop etc. Leucaena has been widely introduced due to its beneficial qualities; it has become an aggressive invader in disturbed areas in many tropical and sub-tropical locations and is listed as one of the ‘100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species’. This thornless tree can form dense monospecific thickets and is difficult to eradicate once established. It renders extensive areas unusable and inaccessible and threatens native plants.
Common Names: acacia palida, aroma blanca, balori, bo chet, cassis, false koa, faux mimosa, faux-acacia, fua pepe, ganitnityuwan tangantan, graines de lin, guaje, guaslim, guaxin, horse/wild tamarind, huaxin, ipil-ipil, jumbie bean, kan thin, kanthum thect, koa-haole, kra thin, kratin, lamtoro, lead tree, leucaena, leucaena, liliak, lino criollo, lopa samoa, lusina, nito, pepe, rohbohtin, schemu, siale mohemohe, subabul, tamarindo silvestre, tangantangan, tangan-tangan, te kaitetua, telentund, tuhngantuhngan, uaxim, vaivai, vaivai dina, vaivai ni vavalangi, wild mimosa, wild tamarind, zarcilla
Synonyms: Acacia leucocephala (Lamark) Link 1822, Leucaena glabrata Rose 1897, Leucaena glauca (L.) Benth. 1842, Mimosa leucocephala Lamark 1783
5. Psidium guajava (tree, shrub) English  français     
Psidium guajava is a tropical tree or shrub. It is native to central America from Mexico to northern South America. It has been introduced to most tropical and sub-tropical locations around the world for its edible fruit. In some countries the harvesting, processing and export of the fruit forms the basis of a sizeable industry. Due in part to its ability to grow on a variety of soils and across a range of climates, P. guajava has become invasive . Pastures and fields are overrun and native plants are outcompeted by this species, which has the ability to form dense thickets. This has led to its designation in many areas as a noxious weed to be controlled or eradicated. It is ranked by some authorities amongst the highest invasive categories.
Common Names: abas, abwas, amarood, amrut, apas, araca, banjiro, bayabas, bayawas, biyabas, dipajaya jambu, djamboe, djambu, farang, goaibeira, goavier, goeajaaba, goejaba, goiaba, goiabeiro, gouyav, gouyave, goyave, goyavier, guabang, guahva, guava, guave, guavenbaum, guayaba, guayaba silvestre, guayabilla, guayabo, guayave, guayavo, guwafah, guyaaba, guyabas, guyava, jambu batu, jambu batu, jambu berase, jambu biji, jambu kampuchia, jambu klutuk, jamphal, jamrukh, kautoga, kautoga tane, kautonga, kautonga tane, koejawal, kuabang, kuafa, kuahpa, kuava, ku'ava, kuawa, kuawa ke'oke'o, kuawa lemi, kuawa momona, kuhfahfah, kuma, kuwawa, lemon guava, ma-kuai, ma-man, ngguava ni India, nguava, oi, pauwa, perala, petokal, quwawa, sapari, si da, te kuava, te kuawa, tokal, trapaek sruk, tuava, tu'ava, tu'avu, tumu tuava, tuvava, xalxocot
Synonyms: Guajava pyrifera (L.) Kuntze, Myrtus guajava var. pyrifera (L.) Kuntze, Myrtus guajava (L.) Kuntze, Psidium aromaticum, Psidium cujavillus Burm. f., Psidium guajava var. cujavillum (Burman) Krug and Urb., Psidium guajava var. guajava, Psidium guava Griseb., Psidium guayava Raddi, Psidium igatemyensis Barb. Rodr., Psidium pomiferum L., Psidium pumilum var. guadalupense, Psidium pumilum Vahl, Psidium pyriferum L.
6. Ramphotyphlops braminus (reptile)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
The flowerpot snake (Ramphotyphlops braminus) has been introduced around the world in nursery materials through the nursery trade. It is found in garden soils.
Common Names: bootlace snake, Brahmanen-Wurmschlange , Brahminy blind snake, Brahminy blindsnake, flowerpot snake, Serpiente-ciega de Braminy
Synonyms: Argyrophis bramicus [sic] Kelaart 1854: 137, Argyrophis truncatus Gray 1845, Eryx braminus Daudin 1803, Glauconia braueri Sternfeld 1910, Onychocephalus capensis Smith 1846, Ophthalmidium tenue Hallowell 1861, Ramphotyphlops braminus Broadley & Wallach 2009  , Ramphotyphlops braminus Conant & Collings 1991: 144, Ramphotyphlops braminus Cox et al. 1998: 12, Ramphotyphlops braminus D' Cruze et al. 2007, Ramphotyphlops braminus Glaw & Vences 1994: 350, Ramphotyphlops braminus Manthey & Grossmann 1997: 432, Ramphotyphlops braminus Mcdiarmid, Campbell & Toure 1999: 59, Ramphotyphlops braminus Nussbaum 1980, Rhamphotyphlops braminus (Daudin, 1803), Tortrix russelii Merrem 1820, Typhlina braminus Mcdowell 1974, Typhlopidae [sic] braminus Roux 1911, Typhlops (Typhlops) euproctus Boettger 1882: 479, Typhlops (Typhlops) inconspicuus Jan 1863: 11, Typhlops accedens Jan 1864, Typhlops braminus Dumeril & Bibron 1844: 309, Typhlops braminus Boulenger 1893: 16, Typhlops braminus Boulenger 1920, Typhlops braminus De Rooij 1917: 5, Typhlops braminus Jan 1864, Typhlops braminus Smith 1943, Typhlops braminus Stejneger 1907: 260, Typhlops limbrickii Annandale 1906, Typhlops pseudosaurus Dryden & Taylor 1969, Typhlops russeli Schlegel 1839

Biostatus not specified

1. Monomorium pharaonis (insect)
Monomorium pharaonis (the pharaoh ant) is native to Africa and has successfully invaded areas on every continent except Antarctica. It is concentrated in tropical regions but is also commonly found in temperate zones within suitable human infrastructure, especially buildings associated with the distribution or storage of food. Due to Monomorium pharaonis' ability to act as a vector for some bacterial human pathogens, its presence in hospitals is of great concern as it may increase infection rates.
Common Names: fourmi pharaon, pharaoh ant
Synonyms: Atta minuta Jerdon , Diplorhoptrum domesticum (Shuckard) , Formica antiguensis Fabricius , Formica pharaonis Linnaeus , Monomorium domestica (Shuckard) , Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus) , Monomorium vastator (Smith) , Myrmica (Monomorium) contigua Smith , Myrmica (Monomorium) fragilis Smith , Myrmica (Monomorium) vastator Smith , Myrmica (Myrmecina) domestica Shuckard , Myrmica contigua Smith , Myrmica domestica Shuckard , Myrmica fragilis Smith , Myrmica pharaonis (Linnaeus) , Myrmica unifasciata Bostock , Myrmica vastator Smith
2. Paratrechina longicornis (insect) English  français 
Paratrechina longicornis (the crazy ant) is a tramp ant, which, by definition, is an ant that is widely dispersed through commerce and other human-assisted avenues. It is extremely easy to identify by observing its rapid and erratic movements. Paratrechina longicornis is highly adaptable to various environments and can be a major pest. It occurs in large numbers in homes or outdoors and is capable of displacing other ants and possibly other invertebrates. Paratrechina longicornis forages over long distances away from its nest, making the nest hard to find and the ants difficult to control.
Common Names: crazy ant , hairy ant , higenaga-ameiro-ari , long-horned ant, slender crazy ant
Synonyms: Formica gracilescens Nylander (1856) , Formica longicornis Latreille (1802) , Formica vagans Jerdon (1851) , Paratrechina currens Motschoulsky (1863) , Paratrechina longicornis (Latreille) (1925), Prenolepis (Nylanderia) longicornis Emery (1910) , Prenolepis longicornis Roger (1863) , Tapinoma gracilescens F. Smith (1858)
3. West Nile virus (micro-organism) English   
West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus native to Africa, Europe, and Western Asia. WNV is mostly transmitted by Culex mosquitoes in a cycle involving birds as amplifying hosts. However infected mosquitoes can also transmit the virus to other animals and humans. Most animals are “dead-end” hosts and do not contribute to virus spread or evolution in nature, because infection in non-avian species results in low virus levels that is insufficient for infection of mosquitoes.
Since its introduction into the United States in the New York City area in 1999 WNV has continued to expand its range across the United States and into Canada, Mexico and Central and South America. WNV causes severe disease humans, horses and other vertebrates. Most people infected with West Nile virus have only mild illness. However the virus can also cause severe neuroinvasive diseases, often leading to death. No specific medication exists to treat West Nile virus infection, and there is currently no vaccine available for humans. Control measures focus on reducing mosquito breeding habitat: standing water in urban areas, agricultural areas, and wetlands.
Common Names: West Nile virus

Native Species

1. Bagaza Virus (BAGV) (micro-organism)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
The flavivirus, Bagaza virus (BAGV) was first isolated in Bagaza, Central African Republic, in 1966, from a pool of mixed-species female Culex spp. mosquitoes. It has subsequently been found in mosquitoes in other countries in western Africa and in India, where serologic evidence suggests that this virus may infect humans. In late 2010 an unusually high number of deaths of wild birds (partridges and phesants) in Cadiz in southwestern Spain was attributed to the Bagaza Virus through a detection study. The authors of the study suggest that- although there is no evidence, it is possible that infected birds migrating between Africa and Europe could have introduced the BAGV to Spain; other explanations put forth by the authors include possible introduction through the poultry industry or trading of exotic birds for commercial or hunting purposes.
Common Names: BAGV
2. Cardiospermum grandiflorum (vine, climber) English     
Balloon vine (Cardiospermum grandiflorum) is an invasive tendril climber growing in damp situations, often near river banks. It forms dense but localised infestations and competes with, and smothers, indigenous plant species.
Common Names: balloon vine, blaasklimop, heart seed, intandela, kopupu takaviri
Synonyms: Cardiospermum barbicule , Cardiospermum hirsutum
3. Civettictis civetta (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: African civet
4. Clarias gariepinus
         Interim profile, incomplete information
The pan-African/Asian sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) is a threat to endemic aquatic fish, particularly in South Africa and India. In the Periyar River-Lake system (Kerala, India) the catfish has a dietary overlap with endemic fish including the following IUCN Redlist Endangered fish: the Periyar labia (Crossocheilus periyarensis), the Periyar barb (Hypselobarbus periyarensis) and the Periyar trout (Lepidopygopsis typus). Potential migration from Periyar Lake to upstream Periyar Tiger Reserve could place the following IUCN Vulnerable endemic fish at risk: the Periyar stone sucker (Garra periyarensis), the Periyar blotched loach (Nemacheilus menoni) and the Periyar reticulated loach (Nemacheilus periyarensis).
Common Names: Aalbüschelwels, Abu shanab, African catfish, African mushi, Afrikaanse meerval, Afrikanischer Raubwels, Afrikanischer Wels, Afrikansk ålemalle, Afrikansk Vandrarmal, Ambaazaa, Ambaza, Andouma, Arira, Aro, Attek, Bagre-africano, Balbout, Baleewu, Bambara, Barbel, Bavhuri, Bombe, Bomu, Bwituka, Cá Trê Phi, Catfish, Chibomu, Cik, Cogo, Common catfish, Dera, Ejengi, Eyisombi, Garmut, Gol, Gwol, Harlei, Imunu, Inkube, Ishonzi, Isombi, Jättikonnamonni, Kabambare, Kambale, Kambale Mumi, Kambali, Kamongo, Karmut, Kemudu, Keríckovec jihoafrický, Kiemensackwels, Klarias, Kopito, Kor, Lokate, Macharufu, Male, Mangwana, Mburi, Mlamba, Mlamba, Mudfish, Mulonge, Mumi, Mumi, Muta, Namazu, Ndombe, Ndombe-Mbundamusheke, Nisu, North African catfish, Nsomba, Obito, Ongala, Pet cick, Pet der, Pez gato, Pez-gato, Poisson-chat nord-africain, Sfamnun matzui, Sharptooth catfish, Sharptoothed catfish, Silure, Singre, Singri, Skerptandbaber, Skerptand-baber, Skerptand-baber, Sombi, Stawada, Talage, Tarwada, Thamba, T-nima, Toucouleurs, Trey andaing afrik, Tukpe, Umihenzi, Vere, Vering, Wels, Yess, Yuzhnoafrikanskaya zubatka
Synonyms: Clarias capensis Valenciennes 1840, Clarias depressus Myers 1925, Clarias lazera Valenciennes 1840, Clarias longiceps Boulenger 1899, Clarias macracanthus Günther 1864, Clarias malaris Nichols & Griscom 1917, Clarias microphthalmus Pfeffer 1896, Clarias micropthalmus Pfeffer 1896, Clarias moorii Boulenger 1901, Clarias mossambicus Peters 1852, Clarias muelleri Pietschmann 1939, Clarias notozygurus Lönnberg & Rendahl 1922, Clarias orontis Günther 1864, Clarias robecchii Vinciguerra 1893, Clarias smithii Günther 1896, Clarias syriacus Valenciennes 1840, Clarias tsanensis Boulenger 1902, Clarias vinciguerrae Boulenger 1902, Clarius gariepinus Burchell 1822, Clarius guentheri Pfeffer 1896, Clarius xenodon Günther 1864, Heterobranchus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Macropteronotus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Macropteronotus charmuth Lacepède 1803, Silurus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Silurus gariepinus Burchell 1822
5. Cricetomys gambianus (mammal)
Native to Africa, the Gambian pouched rat (Cricetomys gambianus) has been introduced to the Florida Keys, United States. This large, highly fecund, omnivorous rodent poses a threat to native ecological communities in this area. It is also a vector of a number of diseases that affect humans, and is likely to be an agricultural pest if it reaches mainland Florida.
Common Names: African giant pouched rat, African giant rat, bush rat, Gambian giant pouched rat, Gambian pouch rat, Gambian rat, giant rat, Northern giant pouched rat, pouched rat, rabbit
Synonyms: Cricetomys ansorgei Thomas, 1904
6. Erythrocebus patas (mammal)
Erythrocebus patas is a medium sized terrestrial monkey, native to sub-saharan Africa. Wild populations only rarely come into contact with humans. Their shy behaviour, low densities, cryptic pelage, and large home ranges make it hard to observe them in many parts of their natural range. In some parts of their native range, mainly in west Africa, E. patas frequently invade farms, consume produce and are considered pests. The patas monkey is internationally a popular laboratory animal, used for biomedical and behavioural research. Patas monkeys were intentionally released to the Islands of Cueva and Guayacan in Puerto Rico between 1971 and 1981 by the La Parguera Primate Facility. Between 1974-1981 individuals have gradually migrated from the Islands to mainland Puerto Rico and formed free ranging population groups. They are reported to forage in gardens, destroy crops and disturb traffic. The Puerto Rican Department of Natural Resources traps and kills, or translocates individuals in an attempt to control their population.
Common Names: Aïr patas, black-nosed patas, blue nile hussar monkey, dancing red monkey, eastern patas monkey, engabwor, husarapa, husarenaffe, huzaar aap, Ikoma patas, le singe rouge, military monkey, mono patas, nile patas, nisnas, patas monkey, patas monkey, patasapa, red hussar monkey, red monkey, west African patas, west Africans red monkey
Synonyms: albigenus, albo-fasciatus, albosignatus, baumstarki, circumcinctus, formosus, kerstingi, langheldi, nigro-fasciatus, poliomystax, poliophaeus, rubra, rufa, sannio, villiersi, whitei, zechi
7. Estrilda astrild (bird)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
The common waxbill, Estrilda astrild is native to tropical and southern Africa, but has been introduced to many island nations where it has shown mixed success in establishment. It feeds mainly on grass seeds and is commonly found in open long grass plains and close to human habitation. E. astrild shows a high reproductive rate which is attributed to its ability to naturalize easily.
Common Names: avadavat, common waxbill, red-cheeked waxbill, waxbill
8. Genetta genetta (mammal)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Common Names: Common Genet, Genette Commune , Gineta , Ibiza Common Genet , Ibiza Genet , small-spotted genet
9. Hemidactylus mabouia (reptile)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
Hemidactylus mabouia is a nocturnal, fixed clutch size lizard that is native to continental Africa. However, it is now widespread throughout southern North America, South and Central America since its introduction, thought to have first occurred via slave ships during the European colonisation of Africa. H. mabouia is commonly thought to be a human commensal, and can be found in both natural and altered habitats. It is an agressive species and has been known to displace and eat native geckos.
Common Names: Afroamerican house gecko, Afro-American house gecko, common woodslave, cosmopolitan house gecko, geco-casero tropical, hausgecko, house gecko, tropical house gecko, wood slave
Synonyms: Gecko aculeatus Spix 1825: 16, Gecko cruciger Spix 1825, Gecko mabuia Cuvier 1829: 54 (nomen substitutum pro Gecko mabouia), Gecko tuberculosus Raddi 1823 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Gekko armatus Wied 1824 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Gekko incanescens Wied 1824: 101, Gekko incanescens Wied 1825 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Gekko mabouia Moreau De Jonnes 1818: 138, Hemidactylus (Tachybates) armatus Fitzinger 1846, Hemidactylus (Tachybates) mabuya Fitzinger 1846, Hemidactylus benguellensis Bocage 1893: 115 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus exaspis Cope 1868, Hemidactylus frenatus var. calabaricus Boeteger 1878 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus gardineri Boulenger 1909: 296 (fide Broadley & Howell), Hemidactylus mabouia mabouia Auerbach 1987: 82, Hemidactylus mabouia Boulenger 1885: 122, Hemidactylus mabouia Dumeril & Bibron 1836: 362, Hemidactylus mabouia Guichenot 1855:12, Hemidactylus mabouia Pauwels et al. 2004, Hemidactylus mabouia Cei 1993, Hemidactylus mabouia Glaw & Vences 1994: 278, Hemidactylus mabouia Jacobsen et al. 2010, Hemidactylus mabouia Liner 1994, Hemidactylus mabouia Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 414, Hemidactylus mandanus Loveridge 1936: 167 (fide Broadley & Howell 1991), Hemidactylus mercatorius Gray 1842: 58 (fide Broadley & Howell 1991), Hemidactylus persimilis Barbour & Loveridge 1928 (fide Broadley & Howell 1991), Hemidactylus platycephalus Peters 1854: 615 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus sakalava Grandidier 1867: 233 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus tasmani Hewitt 1932: 120 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus tuberculosus Fitzinger 1826: 105
10. Lates niloticus (fish) English     
The Nile perch (Lates niloticus) is a large freshwater fish. Also known as capitaine, mputa or sangara, it can grow up to 200kg and two metres in length. It was introduced to Lake Victoria in 1954 where it has contributed to the extinction of more than 200 endemic fish species through predation and competition for food.
Common Names: chengu, mbuta, nijlbaars, nilabborre, Nilbarsch, nile perch, perca di nilo, perche du nil, persico del nilo, sangara, Victoria perch, victoriabaars, victoriabarsch
Synonyms: Lates albertianus Worthington, 1932, Lates niloticus rudolfianus Worthington, 1932, Lates niloticus var. macrolepidota Pellegrin, 1922, Perca latus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827
11. Maconellicoccus hirsutus (insect)
Maconellicoccus hirsutus or the pink hibiscus mealybug, is a polyphagous pest on a wide range of ornamental and agricultural plant species. Native to tropical and subtropical Asia and Africa, M. hirsutus forms colonies covered by a white waxy, elastic ovisac material. Feeding causes plant deformation and lowered aesthetics, which can result in heavy economic losses. The overall potential annual cost of control and damages to the US economy from M. hirsutus has been estimated to be around US$ 700 million, with the global estimate being around US$ 5 billion. While chemical and physical control methods are generally ineffective, effective biological control of M. hirsutus has been acheived in a number of countries.
Common Names: cochenille de l’hibiscus, guava mealybug, hibiscus mealybug, hibiscus-schmierlaus, pink hibiscus mealybug, pink mealybug
Synonyms: Phenacoccus hirsutus (Green)
12. Porphyrio porphyrio (bird)
The ecological similarity of the purple swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) to the Florida native common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) and purple gallinule (Porphyrula martinica) have prompted efforts to eliminate this member of the rail family from Florida. It is not clear what negative consequences could result from these non-native birds but in other parts of the world they are noted for their aggressive behaviour and their habit of eating other bird's eggs.
Common Names: bláhæna, caimão, calamón común, Modrzyk, pollo sultano, pukeko, purperkoet, purpurhöna, Purpurhuhn, seikei, slípka modrá, sultanhøne, sultanhøne, sultánka modrá, sulttaanikana, talève sultane
13. Psittacula krameri (bird)
         Interim profile, incomplete information
The rose-ringed parakeet, Psittacula krameri, is native to central Africa and Asia and is a colourful, distinctive-looking bird. It is known as one of the most successful avian invaders in the world, with established populations in over 35 countries outside its native range. P. krameri has been shown to have adverse impacts on native bird species and carry diseases. It is thought that its reproductive success, establishment and range expansion in non-native areas is related to climate similarities of non-native areas to that of its native range.
Common Names: Perruche À Collier, ring-necked parakeet, rose-ringed parakeet, rose-ringed Parrakeet
14. Tilapia zillii (fish) English   
In its native, tropical range, Tilapia zillii is important as a food fish as well as for aquaculture. Tilapia zillii provided 70% of Egypt's fish production, however outside its native range, this freshwater fish has the ability to establish itself even in highly salinated waters, only being held back by a low tolerance to cold water. Often introduced for use in aquatic weed control, Tilapia zilli can alter native benthic communities through the elimination of macrophytes and exhibits aggressive behaviour towards other fish species.
Common Names: akpadi sila, akpasila, amnun matzui, a-sannoh, bere, biare, biering, bugu, bulti, cichlid, didee, disiwulen, Engege, Epia, Erihere, falga, garagaza, gargaza, gba gba ferah, gbatchekede, guring, ifunu, isiswe, karfasa, karwa, ka-yainkain, kido, kokine, kpro ibre, kuda, loroto, mango fish, mojarra, mojarrita, mpupa, ngege, ngipie, ngorkei, njabb, obrouyou, pastenague boulee, perege, punavatsatilapia, redbelly tilapia, sato, sili, silla, sohn, striped tilapia, tegr-pere, tha thompo, tihil, tilapia, tome, tsokungi, ukuobu, waas, waas gnoul, wesafun, Zilles Buntbarsch, zilli's cichlid, zill's tilapia
Synonyms: Acerina zilli (Gervais, 1848), Chromis andreae (Gunther, 1864), Chromis coeruleomaculatus (Rochebrune, 1880), Chromis faidherbii (Rochebrune, 1880), Chromis melanopleura (Dumeril, 1861), Chromis menzalensis (Mitchell, 1895), Chromis tristrami (Gunther, 1860), Chromis zillii (Gervais, 1848), Coptodon zillii (Gervais, 1848), Coptodus zillii (Gervais, 1848), Glyphisidon zillii (Gervais, 1848), Haligenes tristrami (Gunther, 1860), Sarotherodon zillei (Gervais, 1848), Sarotherodon zillii (Gervais, 1848), Tilapia faidherbi (Rochebrune, 1880), Tilapia melanopleura (Dumeril, 1861), Tilapia menzalensis (Mitchell, 1895), Tilapia multiradiata (Holly, 1928), Tilapia shariensis (Fowler, 1949), Tilapia sparrmani multiradiata (Holly, 1928), Tilapia tristrami (Gunther, 1860)

ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland