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   Cirsium arvense (草本植物)  English  français   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系


         管理信息

    纳扎索(1997)报告说:一旦发现丝路蓟(Cirsium arvense),应该把它从高质量的自然区域移除。一旦建立族群,此植物是非常顽强和难以控制的。在质量较低的地区,应依照侵袭程度大小,订定管理计划;在新的或小的入侵区,较有可能移除或控制,应值得投入较大的努力。管理计划应该针对杀死已经建立起来的群体,因为此植物主要是经由其宽广的根系,无性传播。需要进行至少两个生长季节,以确定是否某一个特定的控制方法是有效的。如果要消除,而不只是减少丝路蓟(Cirsium arvense),目前没有适合的控制方法,可应用在广泛的自然区域。当此植物处于压力的环境下,可能较容易成功控制。此植物对干旱和洪水敏感,其根对寒冷敏感。在严冬之后砍筏茎叶或喷施除草剂,可能会增加足够的压力,以杀死植物。

    详细的化学,物理和生物的控制方法,请参阅管理信息 。 English  français   



         地点特有的管理信息
    Alberta
    According to Nuzzo (1997), in Alberta, Canada, spring burning in a marsh favored growth of native species and did not alter C. arvense biomass. An August fire increased biomass and shoot density of the weed, which averaged 63 g/sq-m vs. 5 g/sq-m, and 20 shoots/sq-m vs. 0.9 shoots/sq-m, on burned and unburned plots, respectively. Seedling density also increased following the summer fire. In another wetland in Alberta, Canada, C. arvense cover was not affected by fire, but increased when the wetland area was subjected to drought.
    Bronydd Mawr
    A project was undertaken between April 2000 and March 2003 to test an integrated approach to thistle management combining grazing, mechanical techniques and herbicide application to obtain a reduction in Cirsium arvense density and long-term maintenance of low population levels, whilst minimising the impact upon non-target species. The study developed and tested combinations of these control techniques. The key objectives being to a) examine the effect of the timing and severity of grazing on thistle populations and b) examine the impact of cutting and herbicide application and their interactions with grazing regimes. Results of the study indicate that an integrated approach increased the level of reduction in thistle density and decreased the impact of the control methods adopted on non-target species.
    For more details please see ConservationEvidence.com, Case study 96: Integrated herbicide, mechanical and grazing control of creeping thistle Cirsium arvense on grasslands at Bronydd Mawr, Wales and Marsh Gibbon, England. [extracted from: Pywell R., Tallowin J. & Masters G. (2004) Effects of grazing management on creeping thistle and other injurous weeds and intergration of grazing with weed control, review report of project BD1437, DEFRA, UK].
    Marsh Gibbon
    A project was undertaken between April 2000 and March 2003 to test an integrated approach to thistle management combining grazing, mechanical techniques and herbicide application to obtain a reduction in Cirsium arvense density and long-term maintenance of low population levels, whilst minimising the impact upon non-target species. The study developed and tested combinations of these control techniques. The key objectives being to a) examine the effect of the timing and severity of grazing on thistle populations and b) examine the impact of cutting and herbicide application and their interactions with grazing regimes. Results of the study indicate that an integrated approach increased the level of reduction in thistle density and decreased the impact of the control methods adopted on non-target species.
    For more details please see ConservationEvidence.com, Case study 96: Integrated herbicide, mechanical and grazing control of creeping thistle Cirsium arvense on grasslands at Bronydd Mawr, Wales and Marsh Gibbon, England. [extracted from: Pywell R., Tallowin J. & Masters G. (2004) Effects of grazing management on creeping thistle and other injurous weeds and intergration of grazing with weed control, review report of project BD1437, DEFRA, UK].
    New Zealand
    Three agents have been released to attack Californian thistle: Californian thistle flea beetle, Californian thistle leaf beetle Lema cyanella and Californian thistle gall fly Urophora stylata. Despite being released widely throughout the country the flea beetle is not believed to have established, and the leaf beetle remains rare and unlikely to have a significant impact on the plant. The gall fly is showing more promise but cannot control Californian thistles alone. Additional agents, both insects and pathogens, are being investigated (Landcare Research).
    Quebec
    Cassida rubignosa causes only minimal damage in Quebec (Nuzzo, 1997).
    Virginia
    Cassida rubignosa causes severe defoliation of C. arvense in Virginia and Maryland (Nuzzo, 1997).


         管理资源 /链接

    4. IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
            摘要: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
    5. Kluth, S., Kruess, A & Tscharntke, T ., 2005. Effects of two pathogens on the performance of Cirsium arvense in a successional fallow Weed Research Volume 45 Issue 4 Page 261

         结果页: 1  


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland