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   Mus musculus (哺乳动物) English  français   
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         一般影响




         地点特有的影响:
    Macquarie Is. (sub-Antarctic) (Australia) English 
    生态系统变化: Despite sporadic work on the impacts of house mice (Mus musculus) on Macquarie Island, little is known of their direct ecological impact. Research on their typical food sources shows that they feed on invertebrates plus some plants and seeds. They are distributed throughout the island including the upland fellfield and grassland communities.
    Despite video evidence of mice eating albatross chicks on (sub-Antarctic) Gough Island, this behaviour has not been recorded on Macquarie Island. However mice are not a part of a natural ecological system on Macquarie Island and are likely to mainly effect invertebrate populations and plant associations.
    Cayman Brac (Cayman Islands) English 
    威胁濒危物种: The house mouse, Mus musculus is implicated in the extinction of a number of native species of small mammals, birds and reptiles (Morgan, 1994 in Varnham, 2006).
    Grand Cayman (Cayman Islands) English 
    威胁濒危物种: The house mouse, Mus musculus is implicated in the extinction of a number of native species of small mammals, birds and reptiles (Morgan, 1994 in Varnham, 2006).
    Little Cayman (Cayman Islands) English 
    威胁濒危物种: The house mouse, Mus musculus is implicated in the extinction of a number of native species of small mammals, birds and reptiles (Morgan, 1994 in Varnham, 2006).
    Saint Helena English 
    威胁濒危物种: House mouse, Mus musculus are implicated in the decline of endemic snails (Succinea spp.) , the 'Critically Endangered (CR)' giant earwig (see Labidura herculeana in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species) and other endemic invertebrates on the island (McCulloch and Norris, undated in Varnham, 2006).

    降低本地生物多样性: House mouse, Mus musculus are highly omnivorous, and are known to eat seeds, flowers and invertebrates, including giant ground beetles (Ashmole and Ashmole, 2000 in Varnham, 2006). They may predate on the 'Critically Endangered (CR)' endemic wirebird's (see Charadrius sanctaehelenae in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species) eggs (known to eat eggs of ground nesting birds elsewhere in the world) (McCulloch and Norris, undated in Varnham, 2006).
    Sao Tome and Principe English 
    捕食: The Guinea Lidless Skink (see Afroablepharus africana) is classified as 'Vulnerable (VU)' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is restricted to three location on the islands of Sâo Tomé, Principé, and Rolas in the Gulf of Guinea. The main threats to this species are suspected to be loss of habitat through deforestation and predation by introduced mammals. Introduced mammals on these islands include the African civet, Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus), ship rat (Rattus rattus), house mouse (Mus musculus), Mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona) and weasel (Mustela nivalis) (Ineich 2010).

    捕食: Declining populations of three endemic and 'Critically Endangered (CR)' birds the Sao Tome Ibis (see Bostrychia bocagei); the Sao Tome Canary (see Neospiza concolor) and the Sao Tome Fiscal (see Lanius newtoni) are under threat of loss of habitat and potential predation by introduced mammals that include the African civet, ship rat (Rattus rattus), house mouse (Mus musculus), Mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona) and weasel (Mustela nivalis) (BirdLife International 2009; BirdLife International 2010; BirdLife International 2011). Feral pigs are also present and could be a threat (BirdLife International 2010).



ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland