Global Invasive Species Database 100 of the worst Donations home
Standard Search Standard Search Taxonomic Search   Index Search

   Solenopsis invicta (昆蟲) English   
生態 分佈 管理 影響 參考資料 聯繫


         一般影響

    請參閱侵入螞蟻的衝擊,一個侵入螞蟻的影響摘要,例如他們對互利共生關係、對原生螞蟻的競爭壓力以及對脆弱的生態系統的影響。

    有相互矛盾的證據,關於是否 S. invicta會抑制一些經由螞蟻傳播的植物。在某些情況下,它可能阻斷和減少植物散佈,透過與原生傳播螞蟻競爭,把種子全部吃掉,或減少種子傳播(即:讓他們暴露在土表,而不是埋在地下保護)。 S. invicta可能會增加或減少植物的生存機會,隨物種和其他生物學變數而定。他們可能會殺死,或者至少阻礙破壞植物的昆蟲(如吃植物的昆蟲),而對植物有利。或者,除此之外,他們也可能減少對植物有利的昆蟲的數量,例如與植物互利共生的昆蟲,或肉食性昆蟲。(即捕食植物害蟲)事實上,S. invicta是侵入螞蟻中一個值得注意例子,它對這些昆蟲有負面影響,因為它喜歡蛋白質豐富的食物。

    S. invicta會減少無脊椎動物與爬蟲動物的生物多樣性,也會殺死或傷害青蛙、蜥蜴或小哺乳動物。尤其,紅火蟻有可能破壞本土螞蟻族群(McGlynn 1999)。它對其他大部分的侵入螞蟻具有競爭優勢;在此物種的美國引入區域,它會取代阿根廷蟻(Linepithema humile),但不會取代 Monomorium minimum(Holway et al.2002)。在美國,它已經被發現負面地影響至少十四種鳥,十三種爬行動物,一種魚類與兩種小哺乳動物(經過捕食、競爭或叮咬)。(Holway et al.2002)在美國, S. invicta對人類、農業與野生生物,目前的經濟影響據估計總計至少50億美元,如果不是每年數十億。(Thompson et al. 1995, Thompson and Jones 1996, in Morrison et al2004).

    S. invicta可能各種程度地影響社會、經濟的活動。他們會叮人,而且可能引起過敏反應。公眾的區域例如公園與娛樂區可能變成對小孩不安全。他們可能騷擾電氣設備(例如電腦, 游泳池抽水機,汽車或者洗衣機)成為公害,甚至是危及人類。農業的影響可能包括對農作物的損害,干擾農業設備和叮咬田地的工人。在美國,S. invicta相關的費用,據估計為100億美元。(Pimentel et al.2000, Tsutsui 與 Suarez 2003)澳洲農業資源經濟局估計,農村產業的損失,在 30 年內總計到超過 AU$ 六十七億。根據德州農業推廣(美國)一位教授的估計,螞蟻引起的經濟損失,每年約$ 九千萬美金 。德州在 2000 年,為了控制這種蟲害,花費至少美金 $ 五億八千萬。Gutrich et al.(2007)進行了一項研究,估計如果紅火螞蟻入侵到夏威夷群島,可能的經濟損失。作者的研究得出結論說,估計夏威夷各種經濟影響約每年美金 $ 211 million。

    按這裡取得關於棲地結構與瀕危程度之間的關係




         地點特有的影響:
    Abaco Is. (Bahamas) English 
    競爭: Competes with native ant populations.
    Cayman Brac (Cayman Islands) English 
    威脅瀕危物種: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta may invade nests of endangered Cycluran iguanas, like the 'Critically Endangered (CR)' endemic Cayman island ground iguana (see Cyclura lewisi in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species).

    捕食: The fire ant, Solenopsis invicta is a predator of a wide range of soil invertebrates (including earthworms), kills and consumes sick or disabled vertebrates.

    滋擾人類: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta bite humans aggressively, and so are considered a serious pest (Burton, 2003 in Varnham, 2006).

    生態系統變化: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta carry seeds (including native and introduced weeds) into nests, with various potential effects on plant communities (Burton, 2003 in Varnham, 2006).

    生態系統變化: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta carry seeds (including native and introduced weeds) into nests, with various potential effects on plant communities (Burton, 2003 in Varnham, 2006).

    降低本地生物多樣性: Anecodotal evidence suggests that fire ants, Solenopsis invicta are severe predators on eggs of Anolis lizards, and geckoes, whose populations recover when control measures are implemented.
    Grand Cayman (Cayman Islands) English 
    威脅瀕危物種: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta may invade nests of endangered Cycluran iguanas, like the 'Critically Endangered (CR)' endemic Cayman island ground iguana (see Cyclura lewisi in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species).

    捕食: The fire ant, Solenopsis invicta is a predator of a wide range of soil invertebrates (including earthworms), kills and consumes sick or disabled vertebrates.

    滋擾人類: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta bite humans aggressively, and so are considered a serious pest (Burton, 2003 in Varnham, 2006).

    生態系統變化: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta carry seeds (including native and introduced weeds) into nests, with various potential effects on plant communities (Burton, 2003 in Varnham, 2006).

    降低本地生物多樣性: Anecodotal evidence suggests that fire ants, Solenopsis invicta are severe predators on eggs of Anolis lizards, and geckoes, whose populations recover when control measures are implemented.
    Little Cayman (Cayman Islands) English 
    威脅瀕危物種: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta may invade nests of endangered Cycluran iguanas, like the 'Critically Endangered (CR)' endemic Cayman island ground iguana (see Cyclura lewisi in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species).

    捕食: The fire ant, Solenopsis invicta is a predator of a wide range of soil invertebrates (including earthworms), kills and consumes sick or disabled vertebrates.

    滋擾人類: Fire ants, Solenopsis invicta bite humans aggressively, and so are considered a serious pest (Burton, 2003 in Varnham, 2006).

    降低本地生物多樣性: Anecodotal evidence suggests that fire ants, Solenopsis invicta are severe predators on eggs of Anolis lizards, and geckoes, whose populations recover when control measures are implemented.
    China English 
    滋擾人類: The national survey revealed that there have been around 15,000 humans were bitten by RIFA and more than 200 people needed specific medical treatments (DOA 2006. Translated from Chinese by Jia Ren 2006).

    物理干擾: In severely affected areas, wires, electric facilities and irrigation dams have been damaged by RIFA (DOA 2006. Translated from Chinese by Jia Ren 2006).

    生態系統變化

    競爭: RIFA is a strong competitive ant species that can severely affect domestic ant species (DOA 2006. Translated from Chinese by Jia Ren 2006).

    經濟 /民生: According to an estimate, if no effective prevention and control activities are taken, fire ants could cause a total loss of 128.04 billion Yuan (equals about 15.5 billion US dollars) in the next 35 years in China (DOA 2006. Translated from Chinese by Jia Ren 2006).

    農業: Red fire ants (RIFA) have caused following damage in China: crops and vegetables have fewer new sprouts; rice paddies and orchards have been abandoned. RIFA can attack various parts of plants such as: seeds, fruit, sprouts, young branches and roots, etc (DOA 2006. Translated from Chinese by Jia Ren 2006).

    降低本地生物多樣性
    Alabama (United States (USA)) English 
    捕食: Predates native fauna (frogs, lizards, birds, small mammals).

    滋擾人類: Sting is toxic with 1% allergic reaction in humans.

    競爭: Competes with native ant populations.

    經濟 /民生: Economic loss through crop damage and control operations.

    農業: Damages seeds and crops. Mounds interfere with equipment. Deters hand labour.
    Arkansas (United States (USA)) English 
    捕食: Predates native fauna (frogs, lizards, birds, small mammals).

    滋擾人類: Sting is toxic with 1% allergic reaction in humans.

    競爭: Competes with native ant populations.

    經濟 /民生: Economic loss through crop damage and control operations.

    農業: Damages seeds and crops. Mounds interfere with equipment. Deters hand labour.
    California (United States (USA)) English 
    捕食: Predates native fauna (frogs, lizards, birds, small mammals).

    滋擾人類: Sting is toxic with 1% allergic reaction in humans.

    競爭: Competes with native ant populations.

    經濟 /民生: Economic loss through crop damage and control operations.

    農業: Damages seeds and crops. Mounds interfere with equipment. Deters hand labour.
    South Carolina (United States (USA)) English 
    捕食: Predates native fauna (frogs, lizards, birds, small mammals).

    滋擾人類: Sting is toxic with 1% allergic reaction in humans.

    競爭: Competes with native ant populations.

    經濟 /民生: Economic loss through crop damage and control operations.

    農業: Damages seeds and crops. Mounds interfere with equipment. Deters hand labour.
    Tennessee (United States (USA)) English 
    捕食: Predates native fauna (frogs, lizards, birds, small mammals).

    滋擾人類: Sting is toxic with 1% allergic reaction in humans.

    競爭: Competes with native ant populations.

    經濟 /民生: Economic loss through crop damage and control operations.

    農業: Damages seeds and crops. Mounds interfere with equipment. Deters hand labour.
    Texas (United States (USA)) English 
    捕食: Predates native fauna (frogs, lizards, birds, small mammals).

    滋擾人類: Sting is toxic with 1% allergic reaction in humans.

    經濟 /民生: Economic loss through crop damage and control operations.

    農業: Damages seeds and crops. Mounds interfere with equipment. Deters hand labour.



ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland