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   Rhizophora mangle (aquatic plant, tree, shrub)    
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         General Impact

    Rhizophora mangle is an important species in coastal and wetland ecosystems and provides numerous ecological benefits to the environment. The species creates crucial habitat needed for marine and estuarine invertabrates and fish, as well as nesting grounds and food sources for wading birds (Linares, 2006). The mangrove is a source sink for nutrient recycling of limited elements like nitrogen and phosphorous, through leaf litter fall, thus conserving nutrients in the ecosystem for specialized decomposers (Davis III, 2003). The mangrove reduces erosion rates of coastal flats by buffering the effects of severe weather, like monsoons and hurricanes, and from repeated tidal forces (Linares, 2006). The red mangrove can survive under a wide range of environmental pressures, and therefore colonizes rapidly forming near monospecific stands that allows it outcompete native species (Krauss, 2003).

    No Impact information recorded for Rhizophora mangle

ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland