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   Clarias gariepinus
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         Interim profile, incomplete information
    Taxonomic name: Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)
    Synonyms: Clarias capensis Valenciennes 1840, Clarias depressus Myers 1925, Clarias lazera Valenciennes 1840, Clarias longiceps Boulenger 1899, Clarias macracanthus Günther 1864, Clarias malaris Nichols & Griscom 1917, Clarias microphthalmus Pfeffer 1896, Clarias micropthalmus Pfeffer 1896, Clarias moorii Boulenger 1901, Clarias mossambicus Peters 1852, Clarias muelleri Pietschmann 1939, Clarias notozygurus Lönnberg & Rendahl 1922, Clarias orontis Günther 1864, Clarias robecchii Vinciguerra 1893, Clarias smithii Günther 1896, Clarias syriacus Valenciennes 1840, Clarias tsanensis Boulenger 1902, Clarias vinciguerrae Boulenger 1902, Clarius gariepinus Burchell 1822, Clarius guentheri Pfeffer 1896, Clarius xenodon Günther 1864, Heterobranchus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Macropteronotus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Macropteronotus charmuth Lacepède 1803, Silurus anguillaris non Linnaeus 1758, Silurus gariepinus Burchell 1822
    Common names: Aalbüschelwels (German-Germany), Abu shanab (Arabic-Sudan), African catfish (English-Bangladesh), African mushi (Malayalam-India), Afrikaanse meerval (Dutch-Netherlands), Afrikanischer Raubwels (German-Germany), Afrikanischer Wels (German-Germany), Afrikansk ålemalle (Danish-Denmark), Afrikansk Vandrarmal (Swedish-Sweden), Ambaazaa (Ethiopia), Ambaza (Amharic-Ethiopia), Andouma (Gabon), Arira (Nigeria), Aro (Nigeria), Attek (Sudan), Bagre-africano (Portuguese-Brazil), Balbout (Arabic-Chad), Baleewu (Senegal), Bambara (Senegal), Barbel (English-USA, UK), Bavhuri (South Africa), Bombe (Malawi), Bomu (Malawi), Bwituka (Malawi), Cá Trê Phi (Vietnamese-Viet Nam), Catfish (English-UK, USA), Chibomu (Malawi), Cik (Sudan), Cogo (Sudan), Common catfish (English-Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania), Dera (Kenya), Ejengi (Nigeria), Eyisombi (Uganda), Garmut (Arabic-Sudan), Gol (Chad), Gwol (Chad), Harlei (Sierra Leone), Imunu (Nigeria), Inkube (Rwanda), Ishonzi (Rwanda), Isombi (Rwanda), Jättikonnamonni (Finnish-Finland), Kabambare (Rwanda), Kambale (Swahili-Tanzania), Kambale Mumi (Swahili-Tanzania), Kambali (Swahili-Kenya, Tanzania), Kamongo (Rwanda), Karmut (Arabic-Egypt), Kemudu (Nigeria), Keríckovec jihoafrický (Czech-Czech Rep), Kiemensackwels (German-Germany), Klarias (Greece), Kopito (Kenya), Kor (Sudan), Lokate (Kenya), Macharufu (Kenya), Male (Uganda), Mangwana (Afrikaans-Namibia), Mburi (Angola), Mlamba (Nyanja-Malawi), Mlamba (Swahili-Tanzania), Mudfish (English-Kenya, Rwanda, UK), Mulonge (Zambia), Mumi (Swahili-Kenya), Mumi (Tanzania), Muta (Zambia), Namazu (Japanese-Japan), Ndombe (Zambia), Ndombe-Mbundamusheke (Afrikaans-Namibia), Nisu (Kenya), North African catfish (English-Global), Nsomba (Sena-Mozambique), Obito (Kenya), Ongala (Kenya), Pet cick (Sudan), Pet der (Sudan), Pez gato (Spanish-Spain), Pez-gato (Spanish-Global), Poisson-chat nord-africain (French-Global), Sfamnun matzui (Hebrew-Israel), Sharptooth catfish (English-Africa, USA), Sharptoothed catfish (English-USA), Silure (French-Gabon), Singre (Kenya), Singri (Kenya), Skerptandbaber (Afrikaans-South Africa), Skerptand-baber (Afrikaans-Namibia), Skerptand-baber (Afrikaans-South Africa), Sombi (Kenya), Stawada (Polish-Poland), Talage (Senegal), Tarwada (Hausa-Nigeria), Thamba (Sierra Leone), T-nima (Sierra Leone), Toucouleurs (Senegal), Trey andaing afrik (Khmer-Cambodia), Tukpe (Sudan), Umihenzi (Rwanda), Vere (Chad), Vering (Chad), Wels (German-Germany), Yess (Senegal), Yuzhnoafrikanskaya zubatka (Russian-Russian Fed)
    Organism type:
    The pan-African/Asian sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) is a threat to endemic aquatic fish, particularly in South Africa and India. In the Periyar River-Lake system (Kerala, India) the catfish has a dietary overlap with endemic fish including the following IUCN Redlist Endangered fish: the Periyar labia (Crossocheilus periyarensis), the Periyar barb (Hypselobarbus periyarensis) and the Periyar trout (Lepidopygopsis typus). Potential migration from Periyar Lake to upstream Periyar Tiger Reserve could place the following IUCN Vulnerable endemic fish at risk: the Periyar stone sucker (Garra periyarensis), the Periyar blotched loach (Nemacheilus menoni) and the Periyar reticulated loach (Nemacheilus periyarensis).
    Occurs in:
    lakes, riparian zones, water courses, wetlands
    Habitat description
    The African sharptooth catfish is found in lakes, streams, rivers, swamps and floodplains, many of which are subject to seasonal drying (FOA 2012). The most common habitats are floodplain swamps and pools where it can survive during the dry season(s) due to its accessory air breathing organs (FOA 2012).
    Geographical range
    Native range: The African sharptooth catfish is almost Pan-Africa in distribution (but is naturally absent from the Maghreb, Upper and Lower Guinea and Cape provinces). It is present in Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, Syria and Turkey (FAO 2012).
    Known introduced range: The sharptooth catfish has been widely introduced for farming/aquaculture purposes to other parts of Africa, Europe and Asia (FAO 2012).
    Introduction pathways to new locations
    Aquaculture:
    Live food trade:
    People sharing resources:
    Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group
    Last Modified: Tuesday, 8 January 2013


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland