Interim profile, incomplete information
Taxonomic name: Sansevieria trifasciata Prain
Common names: ‘alelo, African bowstring hemp, bowstring hemp, chanvre d'Afrique (French), kitelel (Palau), konje hemp, langue de belle-mère (French), lengua de suegra, mother-in-law's tongue, ngata, riri (Cook Islands), sansevieria, snakeplant, tigre (Guam), viper's bowstring hemp
Organism type: succulent
Native to tropical Africa Sansevieria trifasciata is now widely cultivated and naturalized. In Hawai‘i, it has spread vegetatively from areas where it has been cultivated.
Native range: West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire; West Tropical Africa: Nigeria (USDA, ARS, 2010)
Known introduced range: Lord Howe Island (Australia), Federated States of Micronesia, Northern Marianas, Galapagos Islands, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawai'i, Marshall Islands, Nauru, Niue, Kiribati, New Caledonia, Palau, Wake Islands, Midway AToll, Wallis and Futuna (PIER, 2006); Anguilla, Bermuda British Indian Ocean Terrritory (Diego Garcia Island) (Varnham 2009).
Preventative measures: A Risk Assessment of Sansevieria trifasciata for the Pacific Region was prepared by Dr. Curtis Daehler (UH Botany) with funding from the Kaulunani Urban Forestry Program and US Forest Service. The alien plant screening system is derived from Pheloung et al. (1999) with minor modifications for use in Pacific islands (Daehler et al. 2004). The result is a high score of 9 and a recommendation of: "Likely to cause significant ecological or economic harm in Hawai'i and on other Pacific Islands as determined by a high WRA score, which is based on published sources describing species biology and behavior in Hawai'i and/or other parts of the world."
Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
Last Modified: Wednesday, 10 November 2010