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   Phoxinus phoxinus (fish)
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    Taxonomic name: Phoxinus phoxinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    Synonyms: Cyprinus aphya L., Cyprinus chrysoprasius Pallas 1814, Cyprinus galian Gmelin 1789, Cyprinus isetensis Georgi 1775, Cyprinus morella Leske 1774, Cyprinus phoxinus L., Cyprinus rivularis 1773, Leuciscus phoxinus L., Phoxinus csikii Hankó 1922, Phoxinus laevis Fitzinger 1832, Phoxinus laevis balchaschana Kessler 1879, Phoxinus marsilii Heckel 1836, Phoxinus phoxinus carpathicus Popescu-Gorj & Dumitriu 1950, Phoxinus phoxinus phoxinus L., Phoxinus rivularis Pallas 1773, Phoxinus varius Perty 1832, Phoxynus montanus Ogérien 1863, Salmo rivularis Pallas 1773
    Common names: amarante (German), arlequin (German), balte (German), bambel (German), bammeli (German), bitterziimpelchen (German), blitterfischl (German), blutelritze (German), boisca (Romanian), brunnenpfrill (German), budd (German), burli (German), buthe (German), charbonnier (German), cippa (German), craesc (Romanian), craet (Romanian), cuzeau (German), ellering (German), elritsa (Swedish), elritze (German), erleress (German), Eurasian minnow, European minnow, fürge cselle (Hungarian), galesco (German), gefrille (German), gendarme (German), gievchen (German), grisette (German), grümperl (German), haberfischl (German), hunderttausendfischl (German), kvidd (Swedish), maipiere (German), mazelung (German), mollinger (German), mutu (Finnish), orekyte (Norwegian), pescardo (Spanish), petit blanc (German), pfelle (German), piek (German), pilcodyn (Welsh), piscardo (Spanish), riedlingehen (German), rümpchen (German), sanguinerola (Italian), scrofita (Romanian), spierling (German), sprille (German), strzebla potokowa (Polish), sunnfischl (German), vairon (German), verdete (Romanian), weiling (German), Zaisan minnow, zaukerl (German)
    Organism type: fish
    Phoxinus phoxinus is a gregarious, freshwater fish that is found in cold, well oxygenated lakes and rivers. It is often associated with salmonids and is most commonly found in shallow waters. P. phoxinus is found across Europe and Asia, and is native to basins of the Arctic, Atlantic, Baltic Sea, North Sea and northern Pacific Ocean, from the United Kingdom to Korea, up to the northern reaches of Russia and Scandinavia.
    Occurs in:
    lakes, water courses
    The systemics of the genus Phoxinus are unclear, so several species may be confused under the name Phoxinus phoxinus. (Freyhof & Kottelat 2008).
    Geographical range
    Native range: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom. (FishBase 2010; Freyhof & Kottelat 2008).
    Known introduced range: Isle of Man. (Cowx et al. 2008).
    Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
    Last Modified: Thursday, 7 October 2010

ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland