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   Hemidactylus mabouia (reptile)
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         Interim profile, incomplete information
    Taxonomic name: Hemidactylus mabouia Moreau de Jonnès, 1818
    Synonyms: Gecko aculeatus Spix 1825: 16, Gecko cruciger Spix 1825, Gecko mabuia Cuvier 1829: 54 (nomen substitutum pro Gecko mabouia), Gecko tuberculosus Raddi 1823 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Gekko armatus Wied 1824 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Gekko incanescens Wied 1824: 101, Gekko incanescens Wied 1825 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Gekko mabouia Moreau De Jonnes 1818: 138, Hemidactylus (Tachybates) armatus Fitzinger 1846, Hemidactylus (Tachybates) mabuya Fitzinger 1846, Hemidactylus benguellensis Bocage 1893: 115 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus exaspis Cope 1868, Hemidactylus frenatus var. calabaricus Boeteger 1878 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus gardineri Boulenger 1909: 296 (fide Broadley & Howell), Hemidactylus mabouia mabouia Auerbach 1987: 82, Hemidactylus mabouia Boulenger 1885: 122, Hemidactylus mabouia Dumeril & Bibron 1836: 362, Hemidactylus mabouia Guichenot 1855:12, Hemidactylus mabouia Pauwels et al. 2004, Hemidactylus mabouia Cei 1993, Hemidactylus mabouia Glaw & Vences 1994: 278, Hemidactylus mabouia Jacobsen et al. 2010, Hemidactylus mabouia Liner 1994, Hemidactylus mabouia Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 414, Hemidactylus mandanus Loveridge 1936: 167 (fide Broadley & Howell 1991), Hemidactylus mercatorius Gray 1842: 58 (fide Broadley & Howell 1991), Hemidactylus persimilis Barbour & Loveridge 1928 (fide Broadley & Howell 1991), Hemidactylus platycephalus Peters 1854: 615 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus sakalava Grandidier 1867: 233 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus tasmani Hewitt 1932: 120 (syn. fide Loveridge 1947), Hemidactylus tuberculosus Fitzinger 1826: 105
    Common names: Afroamerican house gecko, Afro-American house gecko, common woodslave, cosmopolitan house gecko, geco-casero tropical (Spanish), hausgecko (German), house gecko, tropical house gecko, wood slave
    Organism type: reptile
    Hemidactylus mabouia is a nocturnal, fixed clutch size lizard that is native to continental Africa. However, it is now widespread throughout southern North America, South and Central America since its introduction, thought to have first occurred via slave ships during the European colonisation of Africa. H. mabouia is commonly thought to be a human commensal, and can be found in both natural and altered habitats. It is an agressive species and has been known to displace and eat native geckos.
    Occurs in:
    natural forests, ruderal/disturbed, urban areas
    Geographical range
    Native range: Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe. (Reptiles Database 2010).
    Known introduced range: Argentina, British Virgin Islands, Bolivia, Brazil, Cape Verde, Caracas, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Isla Culebra, Dominica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guyana, Honduras, Madeira Island, Margarita Island, Martinique, Mexico, Isla de la Mona, Nueva Esparta, Panama, Paraguay, Isla Patos, Peru, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Vargas, La Vela, Venezuela, Vieques Island (Reptiles Database 2010).
    Introduction pathways to new locations
    Ship/boat hull fouling: Hemidactylus mabouia is able to stick eggs on fishing boats. (Breuil 2009).
    Ship/boat hull fouling: Hemidactylus mabouia is able to stick eggs on fishing boats. (Breuil 2009).

    Local dispersal methods
    Translocation of machinery/equipment (local):
    Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
    Last Modified: Tuesday, 8 June 2010

ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland