Interim profile, incomplete information
Taxonomic name: Helix aspersa Muller, 1774
Synonyms: Cantareus aspersus Müller, Cornu aspersum Müller, Cryptomphalus aspersus Müller
Common names: brown garden snail, European brown snail
Organism type: mollusc
Helix aspersa the brown garden snail, is a herbivorous land snail that is native to the United Kingdom and western Europe. It is also native to the countries along the borders of the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. It has been introduced to many places worldwide as food, by snail enthusiasts and accidentally attached to plant matter or freight. H. aspersa is a pest of gardens, orchards and nurseries, and is considered a serious pest in California. It is thought that H. aspersa may be a vector for Phytophthora citrophthora, which causes cankers on the branches of clementine cultivars (Citrus clementina).
agricultural areas, coastland, range/grasslands, ruderal/disturbed, urban areas
Helix aspersa Müller is also referred to as Cantareus aspersus (Müller), Cryptomphalus aspersus (Müller) and Cornu aspersum (Müller).
Native range: United Kingdom, Italy, France and along the borders of the Mediterranean and Black seas (Dekle & Fasulo 2008).
Known introduced range: Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Haiti, New Zealand, Mexico, South Africa, United States and the Atlantic islands. (Dekle & Fasulo 2008).
Introduction pathways to new locations
Live food trade:
Other: Snail hobbyists have imported this species to many parts of the world where is has subsequently become established. (Dekle & Fasulo 2008).
Transportation of habitat material:
Local dispersal methods
Transportation of habitat material (local):
Compiled by: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
Last Modified: Tuesday, 8 June 2010