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   Bambusa vulgaris (草, 乔木)  English   
生态 分布 管理 影响 参考数据 联系

         此为暂时性文件,数据尚在建立中
    学名: Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl.
    同种异名: Arundarbor arundinacea (Retz.) Kuntze, Arundarbor bambos Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2, 1891, Arundarbor blancoi (Steudel) Kuntze 1891, Arundarbor fera (Miquel) Kuntze 1891, Arundarbor fera Rumphius 1743, Arundarbor monogyna (Blanco) Kuntze 1891, Arundo bamboa Miller 1768, Arundo bambos L., Arundo fera Oken 1841, Bambos arundinacea Retz., Bambusa arundinacea var. picta Moon 1824, Bambusa auriculata Kurz ex Cat. Hort. Bot. Calc., 1864, Bambusa balcooa Roxburgh 1832, Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss, Bambusa blancoi Steudel 1854, Bambusa capensis Rupr., Bambusa fera Miquel 1857, Bambusa humilis Reichenbach ex. Ruprecht 1839, Bambusa madagascariensis hort. ex A. & C. Rivière 1878, Bambusa mitis Blanco 1837, Bambusa monogyna Blanco 1837, Bambusa sieberi Grisebach 1864, Bambusa striata Lodd., Bambusa surinamensis Ruprecht 1839, Bambusa thouarsii Kunth 1822, Bambusa tuldoides Munro, Bambusa vasaria Herbier Hamilton, Dendrocalamus balcooa (Roxburgh) Voigt 1845, Leleba vulgaris (Schrader ex Wendland) Nakai 1933, Nastus thouarsii (Kunth) Raspail 1825, Nastus viviparus Raspail 1825, Phyllostachys striata (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Nakai
    俗名: agarabà (Nigeria), aur beting (Malay-Malaysia), aur gading (Malay-Malaysia), bacáu (Mexico), bakal (India), balé (Ivory Coast), bambou (French), bambu (Spanish), bambu ampel (Indonesian Bahasa-Indonesia), bambu blenduk (Indonesian Bahasa-Indonesia), bambú común (Spanish), bambu kuning (Malay-Malaysia), bambu kuning (Indonesian Bahasa-Indonesia), bambú patamba (Spanish-Mexico), bambúa (Spanish), bambu-verde (Portuguese), bambu-vulgar (Portuguese), bannada bidiru (India), baran (Sierra Leone), basini bans (India), basinibans (India), bolinao (Philippines), bolinau (Philippines), boo (Sierra Leone), buloh aur (Malay-Malaysia), buloh gading (Malay-Malaysia), buloh kuning (Malay-Malaysia), buloh minyak (Malay-Malaysia), buloh minyak has (Malay-Malaysia), buloh pau (Malay-Malaysia), buluh aur (Malay-Malaysia), buluh minyak (Malay-Malaysia), buluh pau (Malay-Malaysia), burirau (Philippines), butong (Philippines), caña brava (Spanish-Cuba), caña India (Spanish), cañambú (Spanish-Cuba), cañaza (Spanish-Panama), chan kham (Thailand), common bamboo (English), cupamu (Mexico), dai-san-chiku (Japanese-Japan), davike (India), domar (Indonesia), feathery bamboo (English), gemeiner bambus (German), golden bamboo (English), grand bambou (French), haladi bidiru (India), haur (Indonesia), i ngol (Senegal), igbon ikirai (Nigeria), itikna (Nicaragua), kabaloan (Philippines), kaho palangi (Pacific), kaho papalangi (Pacific), kalaka (India), kanale (Sierra Leone), kasul (Sierra Leone), kauayan (Philippines), kauayan-china (Philippines), kauayan-kiling (Philippines), kawayan (Philippines), kawayan-china (Philippines), kawayang-kiting (Philippines), kawayang-tsina (Philippines), kawayan-kiling (Philippines), ken (Sierra Leone), kenye (Sierra Leone), kewe (Sierra Leone), kiling (Philippines), kinshi-chiku (Japanese-Japan), ko-tatami (Guinea), labong (Philippines), lefyog (Cameroon), limas (Philippines), linetso (Congo), lulasi (Malawi), lunas (Philippines), mai-luang (Thailand), mambu kakar (New Guinea), mambu yang (New Guinea), maribal (Philippines), marobal (Philippines), mfele (Cameroon), mlasi (Malawi), musyombe (Malawi), ngmalu (Upper Volta), nsungwi (Malawi), otate (Mexico), patong (Philippines), patung (Philippines), phai cheen (Thailand), phai chin (Thailand), phai lueang (Thailand), phai-bongkham (Vietnam), phai-luang (Thailand), phai-ngachang (Thailand), pilanda (Sierra Leone), pito (Spanish-Cuba), ponmungil (India), rai yai (Thailand), ree sai (Thailand), ri sai (Thailand), russèi kaèw (Cambodia), s'a:ng kh'am' (Lao-Laos), saang kham (Thailand), sacaú (Mexico), sang kham (Thailand), seemamula (India), semi (Sierra Leone), sen (Sierra Leone), seni (Sierra Leone), senye (Sierra Leone), sii (Sierra Leone), simine (Sierra Leone), sinambang (Philippines), soft bamboo (English), striped bamboo (English), sunderkania bansa (India), taiu-anak (Philippines), tamalang (Malay-Malaysia), tamalang silau (Malay-Malaysia), tambalang (Malay-Malaysia), tamelang (Malay-Malaysia), taring (Philippines), tatami (Guinea), tatami-na (Sierra Leone), teuanak (Philippines), tewanak (Philippines), tiling (Philippines), vyo (Nigeria), wanet (Burma), wok (New Guinea), wusle (Sierra Leone), yellow bamboo (English)
    生物类型: 草, 乔木
    金丝竹(Bambusa vulgaris)是同属植物中,散播最广的植物,早已被种植在热带和亚热带地区。它喜欢低地潮湿的环境,但能容忍范围广泛的气候条件和土壤类型。它归化后通常会在河岸两旁、路旁和空地形成单种植群。
    物种描述
    虽然金丝竹(Bambusa vulgaris)是在分类上是草,它的习性是树状的。它会形成密集的圆柱形植群,相连结的木质茎,可生长到高达 20公尺,直径4~10公分;茎节会长出有叶片的分枝,叶片窄矛尖形,长度可达 30公分。
    出现在:
    人造林, 天然林, 杂草 /受干扰, 水道, 河岸区
    栖息地描述
    金丝竹(Bambusa vulgaris)大多自然生长或归化在河岸,道路两侧,废弃地,开放地;一般生长在低海拔地区。把它种植在海拔1000公尺潮湿的环境下,长得最好,但也能容忍不利的环境条件,如旱季(此植物可以完全落叶),低温(可生存在海拔1200公尺-3°C);也能容忍多种土壤类型。(Ohrnberger 1999, p. 279)
    一般影响
    金丝竹(Bambusa vulgaris)出现时会形式广大的单种植群,排挤掉其它植物。
    金丝竹(B. vulgaris)会沿着溪流拓殖到森林内(布伦德尔等人, 2003)
    用途
    金丝竹(Bambusa vulgaris)被用于建设住房,小屋,小船,围栏,道具和家具;作为纸浆的原料;金丝竹笋很少被当作蔬菜或牲畜饲料(Barbosa等人记录到对马匹有毒);被种植作为观赏或标记边界;用来支撑香蕉作物;在新几内亚,茎部劈开后用来制造扫帚,篮子,茎秆用来制造梳子和套在阴茎上的葫芦;用来制作乐器;医药用途包括作为堕胎剂,治疗肾脏疾病,叶片作为发汗退热药剂,汁液用来处理发热,血尿,茎秆用来治疗小儿癫痫,树皮是止痛剂和通经剂(Ohrnberger 1999; Quatrocchi 2006)。
    地理分布
    原生地:确切来源不明,据报告是亚洲热带地区(Quatrocchi 2006),或欧洲热带地区,有可能是中国南部或马达加斯加(Ohrnberger 1999)。
    已知引进地区:广泛地被引入热带和亚热带地区,包括许多岛屿。
    管理信息
    控制金丝竹(Bambusa vulgaris)侵袭是困难的。最好是把它砍除并喷洒除草剂防止再生(Motooka等人, 2003)

    物理方法:挖除此植物可能需要使用重型设备。因为会再萌芽,可能需要后续的移除行动。持续砍除或割除,最终会耗尽其养分储备,杀死大多数植物。牲畜会啃食其嫩芽,但无法减少大型植株(PIER 2007)。已经有纪录指出,马匹摄入大量叶片后会中毒(巴博萨等人, 2006)。

    化学方法:砍除后使用草甘膦或Amitrole 2% ,或灭草烟或草甘膦加fluazifop处理再生的植珠。可以使用Velpar,但它会在残留在土壤中。不过,据报告,草甘膦不会转移到根茎(PIER 2007)。

    生命阶段
    金丝竹(Bambusa vulgaris)几乎完全由无性的方式繁殖。极少开花(Quatrocchi 2006)。
    编辑者: Interim compiled by Ben Phalan, Conservation Science Group Department of Zoology University of Cambridge United Kingdom & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
    Updates with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment
    最后修改: Thursday, 10 December 2009


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland