Interim profile, incomplete information
Taxonomic name: Ocimum gratissimum L.
Common names: African basil (English), basilic (French), basilic sauvage (French), baumier (French-Reunion), clove basil (English), gros baume (French-Reunion), menthe gabonaise (French), shrubby basil (English), tolsi (French-Reunion), tree basil (English), wild basil (English)
Organism type: herb
Ocimum gratissimum is an herbaceous perennial grass, which is woody at its base. It is pantropical and widely naturalised in many regions. Ocimum gratissimum prefers wet and fertile conditions, but can tolerate drought after flowering. It is a weed that is frequently encountered along roadsides but also in pasture. Ocimum gratissimum can become very invasive and form localised dense monospecific thickets, as has occurred in New Caledonia.
agricultural areas, range/grasslands, ruderal/disturbed
Pantropical, native origin unknown, widely naturalized (PIER, 2007).
Compiled by: Comité français de l'UICN (IUCN French Committee) & IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
Last Modified: Tuesday, 18 March 2008