来源： VanderWerf et al. 2006
Temperatures are relatively warm year-round at the low elevations on O‘ahu, so no thermal seasonality of mosquito vector abundance would be expected, as on the island of Hawai'I (VanderWerf et al. 2006).
寄生: Avian malaria Plasmodium relictum and avian pox Poxvirus avium were found in all endangered ‘Elepaio Chasiempis sandwichensis ibidis populations on O‘ahu; no parts of the island were free of these mosquito-borne diseases. However Elepaio populations on the island of O’ahu persist at low elevations where mosquito and malaria levels are high which indicates resistance, although it has not been clinically demonstrated (Vanderwerf et al. 2006).
最后修改 ： 30/03/2010 11:47:34 a.m.