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   Felis catus (mammal)
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    Details of this species in Australia
    Status: Alien
    Invasiveness: Invasive
    Occurrence: Established
    Source: Burbridge and Manly 2002
    Arrival Date: 1824 - 1886
    Introduction:
    Species Notes for this Location:
    Cats were spread throughout Australia between 1824 and 1886 by multiple coastal introductions. By 1890 almost all of the continent had been colonised by cats (Abbott 2002). Cats could have been introduced accidentally to the north-western coast of Australia in the 17th century from the wrecks of Dutch ships (Tindale 1974, in Dickman 1996), alternatively they could have arrived earlier around the 15th centuary via mariners from Indonesia (Baldwin 1980, in Dickman 1996). In eastern Australia cats were probably introduced by European settlers in the late 18th century (Dickman 1996). There are an estimated 3 million pet cats and 18 million feral cats in Australia (Anon. 1996, in Pimentel et al. 2001). Cats are believed to have eliminated 23 native Australian species of animals (Maynard and Hawkes 1996, Low 1999, in Pimentel et al. 2001).
    Feral cats occur on at least 40 islands off the coast of Australia (Dickman 1992a, in Dickman 1996).
    Management Notes for this Location:
    Predation by feral cats was listed as a Key Threatening Process under the Federal Endangered Species Protection Act 1992. A Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by Feral Cats was produced in 1999 and amended in 2008 to promote the recovery of vulnerable and endangered native species and threatened ecological communities (Environment Australia 1999 and DEWHA 2008). A recently published review (Denny and Dickman (2010) assesses the efficacy of the methods used to estimate relative abundance of cats; describes currently used cat control methodologies; and discusses possible future directions for the control of cats in Australia. It also includes details of the current legislative framework that exists for cat control in Australia; describes the ecology of feral and stray cats exploiting various habitats. Please follow this link to view Denny E. A & C. R. Dickman 2010. Review of cat ecology and management strategies in Australia
    Location Notes:
    Impacts:
    Predation: Native to Australia, the Night Parrot (Pezoporus occidentalis) is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Predation by foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and feral cats; competition for food and habitat degradation by introduced rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and reduced availability of water due to over-use by introduced camels (Camelus dromedarius) are some of the potential threats to the survival of this species. Decline in populations have been recorded in some areas coinciding with the arrival of feral cats (BirdLife International 2009).
    Predation: The Australian native Princess parrot (Polytelis alexandrae) is listed as Near Threatened (NT) in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Habitat degradation due to altered fire regimes; herbivory and competition by introduced herbivores, rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus); sheep (Ovis aries) and camels (Camelus dromedarius); and predation by cats and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) are some of the threats to this species (BirdLife International 2008)
    Predation: The Baw Baw frog (Philoria frosti) is listed as 'Critically Endangered (CR) in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Native to Australia it is restricted to the Baw Baw plateau east of Melbourne. There is a deficiency of information in relation to demography and population dynamics of this species. Climate change impacts, pathogens such as the chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis); Willow (Salix cinerea), cattle (Bos taurus), rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus), Sambar deer (Rusa unicolor), foxes (Vulpes vulpes), dogs (Canis lupus) and cats (Felis catus) have been identified as invasive species that might be impacting the species (Hero et al 2004).
    Last Modified: 24/07/2006 3:28:40 p.m.


ISSG Landcare Research NBII IUCN University of Auckland